A first and third degree burn is not a common occurrence. This is not a medical emergency and there is no need to rush for the doctor or seek the services of the burns unit. But knowing what to do in the event of such an accident can make all the difference when it comes to being able to survive the ordeal.
The area where the injury occurs is very important. The first degree is the most serious and will often lead to death. The second degree is less severe, but the person may survive with some limited mobility. The third degree is the worst and can lead to paralysis or permanent tissue damage.
The Significance Of Third Degree Burn First Aid
First aid is a very important skill for survival. It should be carried out immediately, either by oneself or another person. A tourniquet or bandage should be used to first immobilize the area. Then cover the area with waterproof bandages.
Cleaning the area is also very important. Brushing the hair out and applying antiseptic ointment can prevent infection from setting in. Washing the affected area with soap and water as soon as possible can help. If the first aid is complete, the wound should be covered with Saran wrap or a bandage.
Burns tend to heal through the process of maceration. This is where the area expands and the body fluids begin to replace the area. For this reason it is important to keep the wound area clean. Using bandages and a suction device can assist in this process.
The Right Methods Of Third Degree Burn First Aid
Heat is also important to assist in healing. In fact, one should stay away from cold and apply cold compress to the area. You may have to apply more than one treatment, especially if it is a case of first aid. A bandage will need to be applied to stop bleeding, as well as applying heat to relieve pain.
You can use bandages as first aid at the site of the injury for up to three days. Once this period of time has passed, a visit to the doctor will be necessary to identify the cause of the injury. If the area in question has been burned, the skin should have already closed after healing. If it hasn’t, a new bandage should be applied.
To minimize the chance of infection when using bandages as your form of first aid for a third degree burn, you should clean the area twice daily with antibacterial soap. Sterile gauze pads can also be used. If the burn has occurred due to cigarette smoking, then the affected tissue will have already healed. However, if it is a case of second hand smoke, it is still important to follow all of the first aid instructions that are given to you by the medical personnel.
The length of time that the bandage will stay on an area will depend largely on the type of bandage and the thickness of the tissue. For instance, a thick, waterproof bandage will not stay on a third degree burn for very long. Likewise, a bandage that is too thin will not stay on for very long either.
Thing To Keep In Mind
The area should also be washed with antibacterial soap. This will help get rid of any bacteria or germs that remain in the burn or area. Any loose particles of paper or fabric that might have caught fire should also be removed. If not, they will continue to burn and cause more damage.
After the area has been cleaned and any infections have been eliminated, you should cover the area with gauze. Gently place the gauze over the area of the burn. If you are unsure about how much to cover, start with a small amount, which will give you an idea of how much first aid you need to provide. Be sure that the gauze is tightly secured on the area.
When you have covered the third degree burn with gauze, you should apply a thick layer of petroleum jelly or lotion to the top of the gauze. Leave it in place for several hours. A bandage similar to a bandage made out of absorbent material should be used as a dressing for the first twenty-four hours. A good first aid technique is to press down on a blister and hold it there for at least twenty-four hours. This will help slow down the rate of bleeding and blistering. If this first aid does not slow the rate of bleeding and blistering, an operation to remove the area from the affected area should be done.